Nettle (urtica dioica) – a highly beneficial herb
Description: Nettle is an herbaceous, perennial plant native to Europe and most temperate regions of the world. It can grow to a height of 2 metres.
Brief History: Dioscorides in the 1st century A.D. used crushed nettle leaf as a ‘bandage’ for wounds that had gone septic; he also extracted the juice to treat nosebleeds. Oil extracted from the seed was once used to light lamps before the advent of paraffin, the juice from fresh nettle leaves has been rubbed onto wooden vessels for holding fluids to seal them and prevent them from leaking. Nettles have been used for making fibre and rope, during WWII nettle fibre was used to make uniforms for the German army when they could no longer obtain supplies of cotton.